Show notes for the 4th of November 2013
Hosts: Paul, Ryan, Rob B.
Title: Hi MOM!
This week in space/astronomy history:
1. Nov 6, 1500 – Nicolaus Copernicus observed a Lunar Eclipse while in Rome.
2. Nov 4, 1916 – Walter Cronkite’s birthday. Well known for covering space on television, he famously did 27 hours straight of live television following the Apollo 11 launch. His voice is also widely connected with the Apollo 11 moon landing. For this and other reasons he was the only non-NASA employee or astronaut to receive the Ambassador of Exploration Award on February 8, 2006.
3. Oct 31, 1961 – The second-largest movable dish in the southern hemisphere, the Parkes Observatory, opened on October 31, 1961. The radio telescope has been tracking spacecraft since 1962, beginning with Mariner 2 and continuing with Voyager 2, Giotto, Galileo, and Huygens, among other. Parkes was one of several ground-receiving stations for the Apollo 11 Moon landing, transmitting live video to over 600 million people. Parkes also helped receive signals for Apollo’s 12, 14, 15, and 17, providing emergency assistance for Apollo 13. http://www.csiro.au/science/Parkes-five-decades-of-discovery
4. Nov 3, 1966 – The U.S. Air Force’s Manned Orbiting Laboratory program might have been the world’s first space station. Cancelled in 1969, it was intended to perform classified reconnisance missions in Earth orbit; the laboratory would have hosted two crew members launched aboard a modified Gemini capsule. A prototype of the station was launched on November 3, 1966, on a Titan IIIC rocket, which flew a Gemini capsule previously flown on the Gemini II uncrewed test flight. It was the first space capsule to have flown twice in space. The capsule is currently on display at the U.S. Air Force Space and Missile History Museum at Cape Canaveral, Florida. Learn more about MOL here:
5. Nov 2, 2000 – Humanity’s current continuous presence in space began on November 2, 2000, when Expedition 1 boarded the International Space Station.